Elements of KIS
The KIS method has specific elements that are in common:
- Natural inert sand and gravel substrate (no organic substrate).
- Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting systems not marketed to aquarium hobbyists.
- No biological filtration media.
- Very little to no fertilization.
- Mimics as closely as possible a natural biotope.
- Low cost to set up.
- Encourages biodiversity to develop.